In traditional Chinese value, the meaning of “zhengyi” is a combination of “zheng” and “yi”.
“Zheng” possesses the meaning of “legitimate, appropriate and fair”, and “yi” means legitimate, should, suitable and the like.
In traditional Chinese morals, “zhengyi” thought contains mainly the following connotations:
First, to uphold the spirit of the whole world as one community and everyone is equal.
Second, to uphold justice spirit of valuing morality and ignoring interest
Third, to perform moral duty and responsibility as a member of the society
In the long process of history, “respect of zhengyi” has been deeply integrated into national blood and has become a value applied daily by ancient Chinese without being aware of it.
It not only emphasizes “rule the country by justice” in governing, but also thinks highly of all aspects in daily life, requiring a correct attitude toward life.
In history, it advocates more and more people with lofty ideals. Their noble spirit is a significant part of traditional Chinese culture with eternal value beyond the era.
Respecting of “zhengyi” is not only the basic elements of traditional Chinese values, but also the root of socialist core values nowadays.
Its connotation is connected with “equality and justice” in socialist core values.
Nowadays, the meanings of “zhengyi”are endowed by new era mainly include:
First, uprightness. To inherit and carry forward traditional moral spirit of bravery and valuing morality for the prosperity of country.
Second, equality. We should be independent in the society and reach our goals by equality and sincere cooperation.
Third, sacrifice. We should devote to our work and defend our country when it is the defining moment of a country.
It is a significant step to carry forward Chinese traditional value of respect of “zhengyi” in cultivating and developing socialist core values at present.
It is proved that a nation could unite together and fear nothing when it has the spirit of zhengyi;
A society could insist on correct politics direction and keep the development of economy and society when it possesses the spirit of zhengyi;
A citizen could be a noble man and work hard when he or she owns the spirit of zhengyi.
Since ancient times, common rules and basic values of human civilization develops in the core of “zhengyi”, which emphasis the relationship between person and community and enjoy eternal meaning in keeping any country and society work well.
“Respect of zhengyi” is not only value pursuit of Chinese nation, but also the common pursuit of human society, which is a significant guarantee of human civilization’s development.